Researchers have determined that the real cause of periodontal breakdown is chronic inflammation. But what causes this chronic, harmful inflammation?
It used to be thought that periodontal disease was simply caused by the presence of bacteria creating chronic or acute infection in the gums. While it is true that certain bacteria do trigger inflammation and infection, these pathogens (harmful bacteria) are not the only cause of chronic inflammation.
Depleted hormone levels (including thyroid), pregnancy, menopause, ingesting birth control pills, dry mouth (xerostomea), nutritional deficiencies, smoking, a diet high in refined carbohydrates or sugar, obesity (fat cells promote inflammation throughout the body), incomplete or non-existant dental cleanings, poor home care, and stress.